The Real Karl Marx

The Real Karl Marx
John Gray
In many ways, Jonathan Sperber suggests, Marx was “a backward-looking figure,” whose vision of the future was modeled on conditions quite different from any that prevail today:

The view of Marx as a contemporary whose ideas are shaping the modern world has run its course and it is time for a new understanding of him as a figure of a past historical epoch, one increasingly distant from our own: the age of the French Revolution, of Hegel’s philosophy, of the early years of English industrialization and the political economy stemming from it.

Sperber’s aim is to present Marx as he actually was—a nineteenth-century thinker engaged with the ideas and events of his time. If you see Marx in this way, many of the disputes that raged around his legacy in the past century will seem unprofitable, even irrelevant. Claiming that Marx was in some way “intellectually responsible” for twentieth-century communism will appear thoroughly misguided; but so will the defense of Marx as a radical democrat, since both views “project back onto the nineteenth century controversies of later times.”
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23 Comments

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23 responses to “The Real Karl Marx

  1. S

    Huh ! Whatever happened ? I thought this post had a lot of comments but none is showing !

  2. ravi

    The recent achievement made by so called follower of Karl Marx (which he never expected in lifetime) is UNHOLY deadly cocktail ideology of COMMUNISM (Maoism -Chinese version of Marxism) and COMMUNAL ISM (evangelical movement- a new version of militant Christianity )powered by Bush doctrine ( just war theory) financed by World vision( whose annual budget is more than US annual budget ) OPERATED IN 175 DISTRICTS ( CHHATISGARH ,MAHARASTRA,ANDHRA PRADESH,ORISSA,JHARKAND etc.).

    • Y

      They are: Communist Party of Philippines, Association for Proletarian Solidarity, Italy (ASP), Maoist Communist Party of France, Revolutionary Communist Party Canada (PCR – RCP), and Party of the Committees to Support Resistance for Communism (CARC), Italy. Some of the western countries had played a very dubious role in fanning Left Wing Extremism (LWE) in Nepal to facilitate religious conversion. Kandhamal district of Odisha suffers from the same paradigm. Nepal’s example should not be lost out on India.
      As far as military prowess of the Maoists goes, there is evidence of AK-47s being supplied by the United Wa Army in Myanmar. The AK-47 manufacturing facility has been provided by China to the said insurgent outfit. The Maoist-ISI-LeT-militant groups nexus in Kashmir and the North-East is fairly well established. The Chinese, according to a national television channel, have also begun to supply sophisticated signal equipment with encryption capabilities to the Maoists(as per press release the Maoist Communist Party of Manipur in December 2011).

    • som

      @ravi
      Christian communism is a form of religious communism based on Christianity. It is a theological and political theory based upon the view that the teachings of Jesus Christ compel Christians to support communism as the ideal social system. Although there is no universal agreement on the exact date when Christian communism was founded, many Christian communists assert that evidence from the Bible suggests that the first Christians, including the Apostles, established their own small communist society in the years following Jesus’ death and resurrection. As such, many advocates of Christian communism argue that it was taught by Jesus and practiced by the Apostles themselves.

      Christian communism can be seen as a radical form of Christian socialism. Christian communists may or may not agree with various parts of Marxism. They generally do not agree with the antireligious views held by secular Marxists, but do agree with many of the economic and existential aspects of Marxist theory, such as the idea that capitalism exploits the working class by extracting surplus value from the workers in the form of profits and that wage-labor is a tool of human alienation that promotes arbitrary and unjust authority. Christian communism, like Marxism, also holds that capitalism encourages the negative aspects of human nature, supplanting values such as mercy, kindness, justice and compassion in favor of greed, selfishness and blind ambition.

      • karan

        Christian communism???……Wow!!!…..but…but
        History may see pope as godfather of communism’s demise
        In 1984, for example, the pope publicly criticized Moscow for not letting him go to Lithuania for religious celebrations. The same year, a Vatican document approved by the pope referred to communist regimes as the “SHAME OF OUR TIME.”

      • niraj

        Christian communism???……Wow!!!…..but…but

        “Religion is the opium of the people” is one of the most frequently paraphrased statements of German economist Karl Marx. It was translated from the German original, “Die Religion … ist das Opium des Volkes” and is often referred to as “religion is the opiate of the masses.” The quotation originates from the introduction of his proposed work A Contribution to the Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right; this work was never written, but the introduction (written in 1843) was published in 1844 in Marx’s own journal Deutsch-Französische Jahrbücher, a collaboration with Arnold Ruge. The phrase “This opium you feed your people” appeared in 1797 in Marquis de Sade’s text L’Histoire de Juliette and Novalis’s “[R]eligion acts merely as an opiate” around the same time. The full quote from Karl Marx is: “Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, and the soul of soulless conditions. It is the opium of the people”.

      • niraj

        SO CHRISTIAN COMMUNISM IS AGAINST MARX AS WELL AS POPE.
        One( KARL MARX) said:
        “Religion is the opium of the people”
        Other( POPE) said:
        “Communism is a shame of our time.”

        • niraj

          @ Niraj
          “Where ideology ends ..there militancy begins.”
          CHRISTIAN COMMUNISM is nothing but deadly cocktail of COMMUNISM and COMMUNAL ISM.
          It is GREAT INSULT of communist manifesto introduced by KARL MARX.
          It is RE CRUCIFICATION OF JESUS CHRIST.
          …..operational in jungles of Baster(CHATTISGARH INDIA)

        • som

          Evangelicalism is a world-wide Protestant Christian historical movement that began in the 1730s with the emergence of the Methodists in England. The movement became significant in the United States during the series of Great Awakenings of the 18th and 19th centuries. Pietism, Nicolaus Zinzendorf and the Moravian Church, Presbyterianism and Puritanism have influenced Evangelicalism.

          The earliest leaders included John Wesley, George Whitfield and Jonathan Edwards in the English-speaking world. The largest concentration of Evangelicals can be found in the United States, where roughly a quarter of the world’s Evangelicals live (over 90 million). Brazil, with over 42 million Evangelicals[1] also has a sizeable Evangelical community. The movement continues to draw adherents globally in the 21st century, especially in the developing world.

          • Hariharan

            Btw,The Baptist World Alliance (BWA)’s goals include caring for the needy, leading in world evangelism and defending human rights and religious freedom
            in 1905, Baptists worldwide formed the Baptist World Alliance (BWA). The BWA now counts 218 Baptist conventions and unions worldwide with over 41 million members.
            Though it played a role in the founding of the BWA, the Southern Baptist Convention severed its affiliation with BWA in 2004

  3. Hariharan

    THE MENTOR OF BUSH DOCTRINE (JUST WAR THEORY ):
    George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician and businessman who was the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
    Before 1977 he was Episcopal after he changed his faith and followed United Methodism.

    So, from liberal(moderate) he became fundamentalist (fanatic).
    The Episcopal Church, also known as the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, is a mainline Anglican Christian denomination found mainly in the United States .The Episcopal Church is the Province of the Anglican Communion in the United States and many other territories where it has a presence (excluding Europe). The Episcopal Church describes itself as being “Protestant, yet Catholic.” In 2010, the Episcopal Church had a baptized membership of 2,125,012 both inside and outside the United States. In the U.S., it had a baptized membership of 1,951,907, making it the nation’s 14th largest denomination.
    It embraces liturgical( the customary public worship done by a specific religious group, according to its particular traditions) BUT NOT EVANGELICAL (The term “evangelical” comes from the Greek word euangelion, meaning “the good news” or the “gospel.” Thus, the evangelical faith focuses on the “good news” of salvation brought to sinners by Jesus Christ.elements thus focuses on CONVERSION ISM .

    BUT ,The United Methodist Church (UMC) is a Methodist Christian denomination that is both mainline Protestant and Evangelical. Founded in 1968 by the union of The Methodist Church and the Evangelical United Brethren Church, the UMC traces its roots back to the revival movement of John and Charles Wesley within the Church of England. As such, the church’s theological orientation is decidedly Wesleyan.
    It embraces both liturgical (customary public worship )and evangelical (CONVERSION ISM)elements.

  4. som

    @John
    Hindu Genocide in Tripura
    Thirteen Years of Killings in Tripura by the NLFT

    (The National Liberation Front of Tripura)
    By S. Aravindan Neelakandan
    http://www.stephen-knapp.com/thirteen_years_of_killings_in_tripura.htm

    • Y

      This bold faced truth about evangelicals is a step towards making the USA anti-Christian.

    • ravi

      Nobody from Evangelicals has blown up any federal buildings or hijacked any planes, BUT STILL IN THE WORLD THEY ARE HATE GROUP NO -ONE.

      • niraj

        The real communism has been vanished in thin air.Now only CHRISTIAN COMMUNISM ( it is just shame for Christianity and shame for communism ) destroying the developing world.

      • Indian Realist

        Evangelicals sure made short work of Red Indians and many “witches.”

  5. niraj

    And it is not just proxy wars ,which is operated by vested interests, corrupt politicians and arms dealers through nexus with mafia who wish to continue such conflicts between two ,BUT total subjugation of land,property,culture
    and identity in GUNPOINT.

  6. Y

    CHISTIANISATION IN NOTHING BUT SORROGATE WESTERNISATION.

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