Sexual torment of a saint

The sooner Hindus dis-abuse themselves of the pernicious and suicidal ideology of Gandhi, the better the chances of their survival. The man was deranged and running a cult.

Sexual torment of a saint: A new book reveals Gandhi tortured himself with the young women who worshipped him, and often shared his bed
By Glenys Roberts
9 April 2010
The image of Mahatma Gandhi in his homespun loincloth – peering through his round wire glasses and leaning on two sari-clad women – is as fresh today as it was the day he was killed by an assassin’s bullet in 1948.

To the world he was the spiritual leader of India’s independence movement, a pioneer of non-violent resistance and father of the Indian nation.

He inspired civil rights movements everywhere – as well as today’s most charismatic political leaders, including Mandela and Obama.
Gandhi: Naked Ambition claims that Gandhi, a London trained lawyer-turned-guru, was a ruthless cult leader who enslaved his followers with such bizarre sexual demands that it became difficult for many people to take him seriously, even during his own lifetime.

The book’s author, Jad Adams, even goes so far as to suggest that the Draconian practices instituted by this iconic figure in the ashrams he founded prompted the perverted 20th-century cults of Jim Jones in Jonestown, Guyana, and David Koresh in Waco, Texas – both of whom used their mesmeric sexual appeal to reduce their followers to almost slavish subjugation.
Though apparently frail and undernourished, like many ambitious men Gandhi was highly sexed – and wrote quite openly about the fact.

But it was the peculiar nature of the rigorous exercises he instigated to try to contain his huge appetites that many people considered so unacceptable.
Gandhi always said his obsession with sex started when he was married off at the age of 13 to a girl just one year older.
The son of a prime minister in the state of Porbandar, as a child Gandhi’s extreme fastidiousness was the only indication there was anything unusual about him.

An indifferent pupil – small, frail and afraid of ghosts, snakes and the dark – he despised his father for giving in to his own carnal urges and became determined to control his own.

From the outset, he claimed that he never wanted to get married – he was taken out of school for a year to prepare for the event, and thought it a total waste of money.

But mainly he was concerned that he and his bride Kasturba, the daughter of the local mayor, were far too young – even though teenage marriage was by no means unusual.

For the rest of his life, Gandhi remained angry with his father for marrying him off while he was a child. In fact, he said that on his wedding night, he and Kasturba (affectionately called Ba) were far too shy to face each other.

Yet, having been told the facts of life by his brother’s wife, the couple seem to have had no trouble consummating their relationship.
Thereafter, Gandhi never tired of complaining that they had such an active sex life that there was no time for what he would have much preferred to do – which was to educate the illiterate Kasturba.

‘I am sure that, had my love for her been absolutely untainted by lust, she would be a learned lady today,’ he said.

But it was what happened on the night his father died that marked him forever.

Gandhi, then 16, left the sick old man’s bedside in order to rush home to make love to Kasturba and thereafter, he could never forgive himself for having been in the grip of lust when his father breathed his last.
To make matters worse, his wife was pregnant at the time – and the child did not survive – leaving Gandhi tortured by guilt.

By the time he went to London to study law in 1888, Gandhi had sworn a puritanical oath to touch neither wine nor meat, as well as women.
But in London his crankiness only increased.

He soon fell under the influence of the Vegetarian Society and its wealthy president, Arnold Hills, who not only believed in a diet of raw vegetables and pulses, but also preached abstinence from sex even within marriage, except for the purpose of procreation.
Gandhi returned to India in 1891 as soon as he had been called to the Bar.

And despite his determination to stay away from the wife he hadn’t seen for three years, he was soon back in bed with her – and within a year their second son was born.

But it was when Gandhi went to Africa in 1893 – where he fought for the rights of Indian residents – that he really started to hone his philosophy.

When Kasturba joined him in his newly-founded ashram three years later, she was horrified at the harshness of the lifestyle he had adopted. Gandhi’s asceticism dictated that she could have no servants and must empty her own chamber pot.

He had learned to do his own laundry, cut his own hair – and even studied a childbirth manual so he could deliver their subsequent sons himself.
Gandhi had become obsessed with chastity, as well as how to control his potent urges – and his experiments in self-restraint were quite extraordinary.

At his ashram, men and women were housed separately, yet he encouraged the young to bathe and sleep together.

‘I sent the boys reputed to be mischievous and the innocent young girls to bathe at the same time,’ he boasted, explaining carefully to them they were not to succumb to temptation. If ever they strayed, the vigilant Gandhi himself was present to adjudicate.

At bedtime, everyone slept together on the verandah with their beds just 3ft apart – and Gandhi in the middle. When nature got the better of them, he punished the girls by cutting off their long hair.
When one of his own sons strayed with someone else’s wife, Gandhi imposed a seven-day fast on him, saying: ‘If he dies in the process it will not be a matter for regret’.

By 1906, Gandhi had taken the Hindu vow of brahmacharya – chastity. At the age of 36, he was determined to be celibate.

‘It is the duty of every thoughtful Indian not to marry,’ he said. ‘In case he is helpless in regard to marriage, he should abstain from sexual intercourse with his wife.’

When he finally returned to India in 1915, the rules at his new ashram were even more stringent. Gandhi no longer felt sex was permissible on any level – even for procreation.

His advice to husbands and wives was not to sleep in the same room – and, if they felt an urge, to take a cold bath.
But while he insisted on other people sticking to his Draconian rules, Gandhi didn’t always observe them himself.

Despite his frail appearance he was an attractive man, according to one woman who lost her heart to him.

‘I caught a glimpse of him in the midst of silks and brocades, frills and sparkling jewels. He was dressed in a coarse khaki (handspun) dhoti and looked like a small-time tailor who had wandered in by mistake . . . He became my father, my mother, my boyfriend, my girlfriend, my daughter, my son, my teacher, my guru.’

Women of all sorts flung themselves at him, and some became important to him. In middle life, he fell for Saraladevi Choudhurani, a Bengali nationalist activist, and his attraction to her was such that he even confessed that he was toying with breaking his own rules.

Saraladevi provided the intellectual companionship his wife never could – and he wrote to a friend calling her ‘my spiritual wife’.
 
The couple were so close that whenever she visited the ashram terrible jealousies were aroused. The other women criticised the time he spent alone with her and how she was allowed off the most distasteful chores.

In the end, it was Gandhi who ended the relationship – but there were other women, including the Danish missionary Esther Faering to whom he wrote many affectionate letters and the English admiral’s daughter Madeleine Slade, who took the name of Mirabehn, and waited on him hand and foot.

Although he proclaimed his abstinence, he still managed to be extremely intimate with many of his women.

Despite the diet of fruit and nuts that he believed reduced his sexual urges, he was habitually constipated and would spend hours in the bathroom, feeling no shame in encouraging them to come and visit him during his sessions on the commode.

Afterwards, they would massage him with mustard oil and lime juice while he lay naked before them.

By 1936, Gandhi was already so venerable that everyone called him Bapu – Father. By then it had become his habit to take walks leaning on two girls, usually a pair named Abha and Sushila, whom he referred to as his walking sticks.

His first question to them each morning was always: ‘Have you had a good bowel movement this morning, sisters?’

The teenage Abha was married to his great-nephew. Gandhi admitted that it was very dangerous sleeping close to her without wanting sex – but also conceded that it was a ‘very worthwhile experiment’.

As for Sushila, he had known her since she was six when she had sat on his lap and he had asked her mother to gift the girl to him.

After taking a medical degree, Sushila returned to the ashram – and became his personal physician. Gandhi often slept in the same bed as her, but Sushila admitted that ‘there was nothing special about sleeping next to Bapu . . . I used to sleep with him just as I would with my mother’.

She elaborated: ‘He might say: “My back aches, put some pressure on it.” So I might put some pressure on it or lie down on his back and he might just go to sleep.’ She confirmed that this was not part of the chastity experiment, but more of a natural cure.

Despite the way it looked to other people, none of this seemed like self-indulgence to Gandhi, who followed each of his obsessions with the same religious ardour: He never spoke on Mondays, which were designated silent days.

And he clung to his limited diet, too, even though it was taking a terrible toll on his physique and all his teeth were falling out. If he fell
ill, he pushed himself to fast more – and insisted that his children and wife do the same, even when they were so weak they seemed on the point of death. In many ways it’s astonishing that they all survived.
Disgusted by his innate lust, Gandhi would try to distance himself from the women – but he was soon sleeping next to them again – and, what’s more, blaming his surrender on them. ‘I could not bear the tears of Sushila,’ he said.

In September 1938, to counter their criticism, he wrote a circular letter to all the girls explaining the innocent procedure that he implemented when he took a bath with Sushila.

‘While she is bathing, I keep my eyes tightly shut,’ he maintained. ‘I do not know the manner of her bathing, whether she bathes naked or with her underwear on. I can tell from the sound that she uses soap. I have seen no part of her body that everyone here will not have seen.’

Incredibly, the long-suffering Kasturba seems to have taken all this in good part, though relations with his sons became more and more strained.
Gandhi had long had an indifference to his children because they were the product of his despised sex life – and when they, in turn, became sexual beings themselves, he was revulsed.

Understandably, they did not respond well – and his alcoholic eldest son went so far as to use brothels openly in order to humiliate his father.

When Kasturba died in Gandhi’s arms in 1944, following more than 60 years of married life, the old man was moved to even more extreme experiments of his form of chastity – which became a source of great concern to those who were looking to him for political guidance.

‘I deliberately want to become a eunuch mentally,’ he explained to them – as he started sharing his bed with his friends’ wives.

At this point it seems that he might have resumed some of the more perverse sexual experiments he had tried with Kasturba, in which he deliberately put himself into increasingly arousing situations to prove mind over matter.
Whenever anyone criticised him, he would defend himself saying that to give up his habits now would be to admit that his whole life had been a failure.

As he reiterated again and again, there was no difficulty in an impotent man staying away from women – the trick was for one with powerful sexual urges to resist them.

To make things even more tempting – and his self-control therefore that much more of a triumph – he took a much younger woman to his bed, spurning the faithful Sushila who was utterly distraught to find herself banished from his side.

The new girl was Manu Gandhi, his great niece, who had been cared for by Kasturba when she lost her own mother.

Gandhi wrote to Manu, saying his ambition for her was that she should remain a virgin till the end of her life.

‘We may both be killed by the Muslims at any time and must put our purity to the ultimate test so we know we should be offering the purest of sacrifices and so we should now both start sleeping naked.’

He was sleeping with her in the nude – and the rather more reluctant Abha (who insisted on keeping her clothes on) – till the end. In fact, the devoted pair were walking either side of him when the assassin’s bullet – fired by a Hindu – finally shot him dead.

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10 responses to “Sexual torment of a saint

  1. Ananth

    The article assumes too much. Saraladevi was merely a good friend of Gandhi. To allege anything more is pure guesswork. To describe the massages administered to Gandhi in his ripe old age by his grand niece, a medical practitioner, in a sexual context is travesty.

    More importantly, the idea of Gandhi being a sex maniac just cause he candidly agrees to have enjoyed sexual relations with his wife is taking it really too far. So far that the horizon would seem like your neighbour! I don’t even understand what the author is trying to imply.

    As for his chastity experiments, he did have his own weird ideas. Every scientist is eccentric and so was Gandhi when is came to his experiments. However, it wasn’t as if he was forcing himself on someone. If Sushila herself looked upon Gandhi as “my mother” then why is the author alleging any wrongdoing on Gandhi’s part? You may disagree with his weird methods but that doesn’t make him a bad man. It is the same obsession that makes scientist do weird things in the lab that ensnared Gandhi too.

    I would say we should rather appreciate the fact that he was so candid about it all and never intended to keep it all a secret unlike the leaders of today that display different faces for different audiences.

    • cnm

      what the author is trying to prove and has successfully proved is that Gandhi was a sex maniac. Sleeping naked with a grown up girl is a criminal act which a out and out psychopath can commit. what right he had to play with the feelings of a young girl ? He may have overcome his carnal urge though I have great doubt over this quality of Gandhi. But what about the girl? Had Gandhi ever cared to know what beating such antics of Gandhi took on her psychology? He was a fraudster, a vainglorious man though he pretended to be a man of great principles and character.His despicable toadying to Muslims had greatly harmed Hindus and in fact the Hindus have not recovered yet. He was not a mahatma but a monster.

  2. shankar

    BAGHA JATIN, THE FATHER OF OUR NATION
    LEGACY OF JATIN MUKHERJEE POPULARLY KNOWN AS BAGHA JATIN (TIGER JATIN):
    Bagha Jatin , born as Jatindranath Mukherjee was the leader of Yugantar party, a group of patriotic nationalists who wanted the white Christian invader out of India. They knew that the British had sucked out all the wealth of India and in 250 years flat reduced India from the richest country on the planet to the poorest.
    The British East India Company was owned by Rothschild who grew opium in India and sold it in China. Rothschild controlled India, and the John Bull British soldier in India thought that they were fighting for Queen and country– while they were actually fighting for a German Jew.
    Jatindranath Mukherjee founded PATHURIAGHATA BYAM SAMITY which was n important centre os armed revoloulion of indian national movement. They are engaged in night schools for adults, homoeopathic dispensaries, workshops to encourage small scale cottage industries, experiments in agriculture. Since 1906, with the help of Sir Daniel, Jatin had been sending meritorious students abroad for higher studies as well as for learning military craft.
    In 1900, BAGHA JATIN upon returning to his native village Koya in March 1906, JATIN learned about the disturbing presence of a leopard in the vicinity; while reconnoitring in the nearby jungle, he came across a Royal Bengal tiger and fought hand-to-hand with it. Mortally wounded, he managed to strike with a Gorkha dagger (Khukuri) on the tiger’s neck, killing it instantly.
    The famous surgeon of Calcutta, Lt-Colonel Suresh Sarbadhikari, “took upon himself the responsibility for curing the fatally wounded patient whose whole body had been poisoned by the tiger’s nails.” Impressed by Jatin’s exemplary heroism, Dr Sarbadhikari published an article about BAGHA JATIN in the English press. The Government of Bengal awarded him a silver shield with the scene of him killing the tiger engraved on it.
    For the uninitiated a Bengal tiger is larger than their cousins elsewhere on the planet. When a Bengal tiger roars in anger, the African lion will freeze due to the infra sound.

    BAGHA JATIN (Tiger Jatin), born Jatindranath Mukherjee (7 December 1879 – 10 September 1915) was an Bengali revolutionary philosopher against British rule.
    The Master taught him the art of conquering libido before raising a batch of young volunteers “with iron muscles and nerves of steel”, to serve miserable compatriots during famines, epidemics and floods, and running clubs for “man-making” in the context of a nation under foreign domination. They soon assisted Sister Nivedita, the Swami’s Irish disciple, in this venture.

    Having personally met the German Crown-Prince in Calcutta shortly before World War I, he obtained the promise of arms and ammunition from Germany; as such, he was responsible for the planned German Plot during World War I. Shortly after when World War I broke out, in September 1914, an International Pro-India Committee was formed at Zurich. Very soon it merges into a bigger body, to form the Berlin Committee, or the Indian Independence Party, led by Virendranath Chattopadhyaya : it gained the support of the German government and had as members prominent Indian revolutionaries abroad, including leaders of the Ghadar Party. Militants of the Gadhar party started leaving for India, to join the proposed uprising inside India during World War I, with the help of arms, ammunition, and funds promised by the German government. Advised by Berlin, Ambassador Bernstorff in Washington arranged with Von Papen, his Military attaché, to send cargo consignments from California to the coast of the Bay of Bengal, via Far East.

    GANDHI NEVER MISSED AN OPPORTUNITY TO CONDEMN BAGHA JATIN
    ALTHOUGH In 1925, Gandhi told Charles Tegart, the Intelligence Chief and Police Commissioner of Bengal that Jatin Mukherjee, generally referred to as “BAGHA JATIN ”, was “a divine personality.
    According to J. E. Armstrong, Superintendent of the colonial Police, JATIN “owed his preeminent position in revolutionary circles, to his qualities of leadership.”

    Charles Tegart, the Intelligence Chief and Police Commissioner of Bengal had once told his colleagues that if BAGHA JATIN were an Englishman, then the English people would have built his statue next to Nelson’s at Trafalgar Square. In his note to J.E. Francis of the India Office in 1926, he described Bengali revolutionaries as “the most selfless political workers in India”
    BAGHA JATIN had a natural respect for the human creature, heedless of class or caste or religions. He carried for an aged Muslim villager a heavy bundle of fodder and, on reaching her hut, he shared with her the only platter of rice she had, and sent her some money every month.
    He was the principal leader of the Yugantar party that was the central association of revolutionaries in Bengal.

    Inspired by Swami Vivekananda, Jatin expressed his ideals in simple words: “Amra morbo, jagat jagbe” — “WE SHALL DIE TO AWEKAN THE NATION”.It is corroborated in the tribute paid to JATIN by Charles Tegart, the Intelligence Chief and Police Commissioner of Bengal : “THOUGH I HAD TO DO MY DUTY, I HAVE A great admiration for him. He died in an open fight.” Later in life, Tegart admitted : “Their driving power immense: if the army could be raised or the arms could reach an Indian port, the British would lose the War”.
    Professor Tripathi analysed the added dimensions revealed by the Howrah Case proceedings: acquire arms locally and abroad; raise a guerrilla; create a rising with Indian soldiers; BAGHA JATIN ‘s action helped improve (especially economically) the people’s status. “He had indeed an ambitious dream.”

    Finances were taken care of by Jatin. He masterminded a series of daring robberies, from Rothschild’s banks. Plus Indians abroad opened out their purse strings.

    Another of his original contributions was the indoctrination of the Indian soldiers in various regiments in favour of an insurrection.

    As Jatin grew older, he gained a reputation for physical bravery and great strength; charitable and cheerful by nature, he was fond of caricature and enacting mythological plays, himself playing the roles of god-loving characters like Prahlad, Dhruva, Hanuman, Râja Harish Chandra. He not only encouraged several playwrights to produce patriotic pieces for the urban stage, but also engaged village bards to spread nationalist fervour in the countryside.
    After passing the Entrance examination in 1895, BAGHA JATIN joined the Calcutta Central College (now Khudiram Bose College), to study Fine Arts. At the same time, he took lessons in steno typing with Mr Atkinson: this is a new qualification opening possibilities of a coveted career. Soon he started visiting Swami Vivekananda, whose social thought, and especially his vision of a politically independent India – indispensable for the spiritual progress of humanity – had a great influence on Jatin.

    ..”Noticing his ardent desire to die for a cause, Vivekananda sent BAGHA JATIN to the Gymnasium of Ambu Guha where he himself had practised wrestling. BAGHA JATIN met here, among others, Sachin Banerjee, son of Yogendra Vidyabhushan (a popular author of biographies like Mazzini and Garibaldi), who turned into BAGHA JATIN’s mentor.

    Fed up with the colonial system of education, Jatin left for Muzaffarpore in 1899, as secretary of barrister Pringle Kennedy, founder and editor of the Trihoot Courrier. He was impressed by this historian: through his editorials and from the Congress platform, he showed how urgent it was to have an Indian National Army and to react against the British squandering of Indian budget to safeguard their interests in China and elsewhere.

    According to Daly’s Report: “A secret meeting was held in Calcutta about the year 1900 The meeting resolved to start secret societies with the object of assassinating officials and supporters of Government . One of the first to flourish was at Kushtea, in the Nadia district. This was organised by one Jotindra Nath Mukherjee as being among the founders of the Anushilan Samiti, and as a pioneer in creating its branches in the districts..”.
    Nixon reports further : “The earliest known attempts in Bengal to promote societies for political or semi-political ends are associated with the names of the late P. Mitter, Barrister-at-Law, Miss Saralabala Ghosal and a Japanese named Okakura. These activities commenced in Calcutta somewhere about the year 1900, and are said to have spread to many of the districts of Bengal and to have flourished particularly at Kushtia, where Jatindra Nath Mukharji was leader.”Bhavabhushan Mitra’s written notes precise his presence along with Jatindra Nath during the first meeting. A branch of this organisation (Anushilan Samiti), was to be inaugurated in Dacca. In 1903, on meeting Sri Aurobindo at Yogendra Vidyabhushan’s place, Jatin decides to collaborate with him and is said to have added to his programme the clause of winning over the Indian soldiers of the British regiments in favour of an insurrection. W. Sealy in his report on “Connections with Bihar and Orissa” notes that Jatin Mukherjee “a close confederate of Nani Gopal Sen Gupta of the Howrah Gang worked directly under the orders of Aurobindo Ghosh.”

    In 1905, during a procession to celebrate the visit of the Prince of Wales at Calcutta, Jatin decides to draw the attention of the future Emperor on the behaviour of HM’s English officers. Not far from the royal coach, he singles out a cabriolet on a side-lane, with a group of English military men sitting on its roof, their booted legs dangling against the windows, seriously disturbing the livid faces of a few native ladies. Stopping beside the cab, BAGHA JATIN asks the fellows to leave the ladies alone. In response to their cheeky provocation, Jatin rushes up to the roof and fells them with pure Bengali slaps till they drop on the ground.
    The show is not innocent BAGHA JATIN is well aware that John Morley, the Secretary of State, receives regularly complaints about the English attitude towards Indian citizens, “The use of rough language and pretty free use of whips and sticks, and brutalities of that sort…” He will be further intimated that the Prince of Wales, “on his return from the Indian tour had a long conversation with Morley [10/5/1906] He spoke of the ungracious bearing of Europeans to Indians.”
    Jatin, together with Barindra Ghosh, set up a bomb factory near Deoghar, while Barin was to do the same at Maniktala in Calcutta. Whereas Jatin disapproved of all untimely terrorist action, Barin led an organisation centred around his own personality : his aim was, aside from the general production of terror, the elimination of certain Indian and British officers serving the Crown. Side by side, BAGHA JATIN developed a decentralised federated body of loose autonomous regional cells. Organising relentless relief missions with a para medical body of volunteers following almost a military discipline, during natural calamities such as floods, epidemics, or religious congregations like the Ardhodaya and the Kumbha mela, or the annual celebration of Ramakrishna’s birth, Jatin was suspected of utilising these as pretexts for group discussions with regional leaders and recruiting new freedom fighters to fight the supporters of the Britain.

    Duly appreciated for his professional competence, in 1907 BAGHA JATIN was “sent to Darjeeling on some special work,” for a period of three years. “From early youth he had the reputation of a local Sandow and he soon attracted attention in Darjeeling in cases in which he tried to measure the strength with Europeans. In 1908 he was leader of one of several gangs that had sprung up in Darjeeling, whose object was the spreading of dissatisfaction, and with his associates he started a branch of the Anushilan Samiti, called the Bandhab Samiti.”
    In April 1908, in Siliguri railway station, BAGHA JATIN got involved in a fight with a group of English military officers headed by Captain Murphy and Lt Somerville, leading to legal proceedings, widely covered by the press.
    On observing the gleeful animosity created by the news of a few Englishmen thrashed single-handed by an Indian, Wheeler advised the officers to withdraw the case. Warned by the Magistrate to behave properly in the future, Jatin regretted that he would not refrain from taking similar action in self-defence or in the vindication of the rights of his countrymen.One day, in a pleasant mood, Wheeler asked BAGHA JATIN : “With how many can you fight all alone ?” The prompt reply was : “Not a single one, if it is a question of honest people; otherwise, as many as you can imagine!”

    In 1908 Jatin was not one of over thirty revolutionaries accused in the Alipore Bomb Case following the incident at Muzaffarpur. Hence, during the Alipore trial, Jatin took over the leadership of the secret society to be known as the Jugantar Party, and revitalises the links between the central organisation in Calcutta and its several branches spread all over Bengal, Bihar, Orissa and several places in U.P.. Through Justice Sarada Charan Mitra, Jatin leases from Sir Daniel Hamilton lands in the Sundarbans to shelter revolutionaries not yet arrested..
    Repressive measures in series were introduced to quench the rising sedition since the agitations against the Partition of Bengal in 1905. Protesting against these repressions and organising the defence of the militants under trial in the Alipore Case, Jatin issued a series of dazzling actions of daring and desperate self-sacrifice in Calcutta and in the districts “to revive the confidence of the people in the movement. These brought him into the limelight of revolutionary leadership although hardly anybody outside the innermost circle ever suspected his connection with those acts. Secrecy was absolute in those days – particularly with BAGHA JATIN.” Almost contemporaneous with the anarchist gang of Bonnot well known in France, Jatin invented and introduced in India bank robbery on automobile taxi-cabs, « a new feature in revolutionary crime. Several outrages were committed : for instance, in 1908, on 2 June and 29 November; an attempt to assassinate the Lt Governor of Bengal on 7 November 1908; in 1909, on 27 February, 23 April, 16 August, 24 September and 28 October; two assassinations – of the Prosecutor Ashutosh Biswas (on 10 February 1909) and the Deputy Superintendent of Police, Samsul Alam (on 24 January 1910): both these officers had been determined to get all the accused condemned. Arrested, outwitted by the Police, BIREN DATTA-GUPTA, the latter’s assassin, disclosed Jatin’s name as his leader.

    On 25 January 1910, “with the gloom of his assassination hanging over everyone”, the Viceroy Minto declared openly : “A spirit hitherto unknown to India has come into existence , a spirit of anarchy and lawlessness which seeks to subvert not only British rule but the Governments of Indian chiefs…”
    On 27 January 1910, BAGHA JATIN was arrested in connection with this murder, but was released, to be immediately re-arrested along with forty-six others in connection with the Howrah-Sibpur conspiracy case, popularly known as the Howrah Gang Case. The major charge against Jatin Mukherjee and his party during the trial (1910–1911) was “conspiracy to wage war against the King-Emperor” and “tampering with the loyalty of the Indian soldiers” (mainly with the 10th Jats Regiment) posted in Fort William, and soldiers in Upper Indian Cantonments.
    While held in Howrah jail, awaiting trial, BAGHA JATIN made contact with a few fellow prisoners, prominent revolutionaries belonging to various groups operating in different parts of Bengal, who were all accused in this case. He was also informed by his emissaries abroad that very soon Germany was to declare war against England. Jatin counted heavily on this war to organise an armed uprising along with Indian soldiers in various regiments.

    The Howrah-Sibpur conspiracy case

    The case failed because of lack of proper evidence thanks to BAGHA JATIN ‘s policy of a loose decentralised organisation federating scores of regional units, as observed by F.C. Daly more than once: “The gang is a heterogeneous one, with several advisers and petty chiefs… From information we have on record we may divide the gang into four parts: (1) Gurus, (2) Influential supporters, (3) Leaders, (4) Members.”J.C. Nixon’s report is more explicit : “Although a separate name and a separate individuality have been given to these various parties in this account of them, and although such a distinction was probably observed amongst the minor members, it is very clear that the bigger figures were in close communication with one another and were frequently accepted members of two or more of these samitis. It may be taken that at some time these various parties were engaged in anarchical crime independently, although in their revolutionary aims and usually in their origins they were all very closely related.”Several observers pinpointed Jatin so accurately that the newly appointed Viceroy Lord Hardinge wrote more explicitly to Earl Crewe (H.M.’s Secretary of State for India): “As regards prosecution, I deprecate the net being thrown so wide; as for example in the Howrah Gang Case, where 47 persons are being prosecuted, of whom only one is, I believe, the real criminal. If a concentrated effort had been made to convict this one criminal, I think it would have had a better effect than the prosecution of 46 misguided youths.”
    On 28 May 1911, Hardinge recognised : “The 10th Jats case was part and parcel of the Howrah Gang Case; and with the failure in the latter, the Government of Bengal realised the futility of proceeding with the former… In fact, nothing could be worse, in my opinion, than the condition of Bengal and Eastern Bengal. There is practically no Government in either province…”

    Jatin was acquitted in February 1911 and released. Immediately, he suspended terrorism. This lull proved Jatin’s full command of violence as an antidote, contrary to the Chauri Chaura fiasco after him. During the German Crown Prince’s visit to Calcutta, BAGHA JATIN met him and received a promise about arms supply. Having lost his government job – and home interned -, he managed to leave Calcutta, to start a contract business constructing the Jessore–Jhenaidah railway line. This provided him with a valid pretext and an ample scope to move about on horse-back or on bicycle to consolidate not only the district units in Bengal, but also to revitalise those in other provinces. Jatin with his family set out on a pilgrimage, and at Haridwar visited his Guru, Bholananda Giri. BAGHA JATIN went on to Brindavan where he met Swami Niralamba (who had been Jatindra Nath Banerjee, the renowned revolutionary, before leading a sanyasi’s life); he had continued preaching in North India Sri Aurobindo’s doctrine of a revolution.

    Niralamba gave BAGHA JATIN complementary information about, and links to, the units set up by him in Uttar Pradesh and the Punjab. An important part of revolutionary activities in these regions were led by Rasbehari Bose and his associate Lala Hardayal. On returning from his pilgrimage, Jatin started reorganising Jugantar accordingly. During the Damodar flood in 1913, mainly in the districts of Burdwan and Midnapore, relief work brought together leaders of various groups : BAGHA JATIN “never asserted his leadership, but the party members in the different districts acclaimed him as their leader.”

    Drawn by Jatin’s relief work during the flood, Rasbehari Bose left Benares to join him : the contact with Jatin added a new impulse to Bose’s revolutionary zeal : in Jatin, he discovered “a real leader of men” At the close of 1913, Bose met BAGHA JATIN to discuss the possibilities of an All-India armed rising of 1857 type. Impressed by Jatin’s “fiery energy and personality”, Bose renewed negotiation with the native officers posted at the Fort William of Calcutta, the nerve centre of the various regiments of the colonial Army, before returning to Benares “to organise the scattered forces.”

    There were also attempts to organise expatriate Indian revolutionaries in Europe and the United States. Jatin’s influence was international. The Bengali best seller Dhan Gopal Mukerji, settled in New York and, at the summit of his glory, was to write : «Before 1914 we succeeded in disturbing the equilibrium of the government… Then extraordinary powers were given to the police, who called us anarchists in order to prejudice us forever in the eyes of the world… Dost thou remember Jyotin, our cousin – he that once killed a leopard with a dagger, putting his left elbow in the leopard’s mouth and with his right hand thrusting the knife through the brute’s eye deep into its brain ? He was a very great man and our first leader. He could think of God ten days at a stretch, but he was doomed when the Government found out that he was our head.”

    Right since 1907, Jatin’s emissary, Taraknath Das had been organising, with Guran Ditt Kumar and Surendramohan Bose, evening schools for Indian immigrants (a majority of them Hindus and Sikhs) between Vancouver and San Francisco, through Seattle and Portland : in addition to learning how to read and write simple English, they were informed about their rights in the USA and their duty towards Mother India : two periodicals – Free Hindustan (In English, sponsored by local Irish revolutionaries) and Swadesh Sevak (‘Servants of the Motherland’, in Gurumukhi) – became increasingly popular. In regular contact with Calcutta and London (where the organisation was managed by Shyamji Krishnavarma), Das wrote regularly to personalities throughout the world (like Leo Tolstoy and Éamon de Valera). In May 1913, Kumar left for Manilla to create a satellite linking Asia with the American West coast. Familiar with the doctrine of Sri Aurobindo and an erstwhile follower of Rasbehari Bose, in 1913, invited by Das, Har Dayal resigned from his teaching job at the University of Berkeley, coaxed by Jiten Lahiri (one of Jatin’s emissaries) of wasting his time in daydreaming, Har Dayal set out on a lecture tour covering the major centres of Indian immigrants; enlivened by their ardent patriotism, he preached open revolt against the English rulers of India. Welcomed by the Indian militants of San Francisco, in November, he founded his journal Ghadar (‘Revolt’) and the Yugantar Ashram, as a tribute to Sri Aurobindo. The Sikh community also became involved in the movement.
    During World War I

    These efforts were directly connected with the Jugantar, under Jatin’s leadership, in its planning and organising an armed revolt. Rasbehari Bose assumed the task of carrying out the plan in Uttar Pradesh and the Punjab. This international chain work conceived by Jatin came to be known as the German Plot, the Indo-German Conspiracy, or the Zimmermann Plan. Jugantar started to collect funds by organising a series of dacoities (armed robberies) known as “Taxicab dacoities” and “Boat dacoities”. Charles Tegart, in his “Report No. V” on the seditious organisations mentions the “certain amount of success” in the contact that exists between the revolutionaries and the Sikh soldiers posted at Dakshineshwar gunpowder magazine; Jatin Mukherjee in company of Satyendra Sen was seen interviewing these Sikhs. Sen “is the man who came to India with Pingle. Their mission was specially to tamper with the troops. Pingle was captured in the Punjab with bombs and was hanged, while Satyen was interned under Regulation III in the Presidency Jail.” With Jatin’s written instructions, Pingle and Kartar Singh Sarabha met Rasbehari in North India.

    Preoccupied by the increasing police activities to prevent any uprising, eminent Jugantar members suggested that Jatin should move to a safer place. Balasore on the Orissa coast was selected as a suitable place, being very near the spot where German arms are to be landed for the Indian rising. To facilitate transmission of information to Jatin, a business house under the name “Universal Emporium” was set up, as a branch of Harry & Sons in Calcutta, which had been created for keeping contacts with revolutionaries abroad. Jatin therefore moved to a hideout outside Kaptipada village in the native state of Mayurbhanj, more than thirty miles away from Balasore.

    On reaching Orissa, in April, 1915, Jatin sent one of his close associates, Naren Bhattacharya (future M.N. Roy) to Batavia, following instructions from Chatto[disambiguation needed], in order to make a deal with the German authorities concerning financial aid and the supply of arms. Through the German Consul, Naren met Theodore, brother of Karl Helfferich, who assured him that a cargo of arms and ammunition was already on its way, “to assist the Indians in a revolution.”

    The Czech interlude

    The plot leaked out through Czech revolutionaries who were in touch with their counterparts in the United States. In the beginning of World War I, in 1915, Emanuel Viktor Voska organised the minority of Czech patriots in USA into a network of counter-espionage, putting up to date the spying activity of the German and Austrian diplomats against USA and the Entente powers. (He described these events later in his book Spy and Counter-Spy.) American publicist of Czech origin Ross Hedvíček claims that had E. V. Voska not interfered in this history, today nobody would have heard about Mahatma Gandhi and the father of the Indian nation would have been Bagha Jatin.B. Jatin wanted to free India from the British hold but he had the idea of allying against them with the Germans from whom he expected to receive arms and other helps. Voska learnt it through his network and, as pro-American, pro-British and anti-German, he spoke of it to T. G. Masaryk. This latter rushed to keep the institutions informed about it. Thus, Voska transmitted it to Masaryk, Masaryk to the Americans, the Americans to the British. T. G. Masaryk mentions all these facts in the English version of the Making of a State.
    As soon as the information reached the British authorities, they alerted the police, particularly in the delta region of the Ganges, and sealed off all the sea approaches on the eastern coast from the Noakhali–Chittagong side to Orissa. Harry & Sons was raided and searched, and the police found a clue which led them to Kaptipada village, where Jatin was staying with Manoranjan Sengupta and Chittapriya Ray Chaudhuri; a unit of the Police Intelligence Department was dispatched to Balasore.

    Jatin was kept informed and was requested to leave his hiding place, but his insistence on taking Niren and Jatish with him delayed his departure by a few hours, by which time a large force of police, headed by top European officers from Calcutta and Balasore, reinforced by the army unit from Chandbali in Mayurbhanj State, had reached the neighbourhood. Jatin and his companions walked through the forests and hills of Mayurbhanj, and after two days reached Balasore Railway Station.

    The police had announced a reward for the capture of five fleeing “bandits”, so the local villagers were also in pursuit. With occasional skirmishes, the revolutionaries, running through jungles and marshy land in torrential rain, finally took up position on 9 September 1915 in an improvised trench in undergrowth on a hillock at Chashakhand in Balasore. Chittapriya and his companions asked Jatin to leave and go to safety while they guarded the rear. Jatin, however refused to leave them.

    He is regarded as the first freedom fighter to have fought the British police face-to-face near Chasakhand in Balasore. He could have run away from the battle ground but he fought bravely for the motherland and laid down his life.

    Bagha Jatin was in the jungle of Kaptipada in Mayurbhanj district planning an attack on the British police when the cops, headed by Charles A. Teggart, surrounded them. They were encountered by the police at Chasakhand, 10km from Balasore, while waiting for the arrival of a consignment of arms on the Balasore coast for an armed rebellion.

    Jatin succumbed to bullet injuries at the district headquarters hospital on September 10, 1915, after he refused to undergo treatment in the hands of British doctors.

    Among his aides, Chittapriya Raychaudhary died in the encounter and two others, Manoranjan Sengupta and Birendranath Sengupta, were hanged. Another aide, Jyotish, was sent to Cellular Jail in the Andamans

    Bagha Jatin is a unsung, sunk ( by Gandhi and Nehru ) hero of our freedom fighting history.

    He was a true patriot, not a British stooge like most our famous freedom fighters whom we worship, all false gods, all hand in glove with the enemy , the white Christian invader.

    He was intelligent enough to see through the nonsense. The Indian National Congress was created by the invader, with Indian stooges running the show.

    Just like Swami Vivekananda, Bagha Jatin saw through all these pseudo freedom fighters of INC — the so called moderates like Dadabhai Naoroji, Gopal Krishna Gokhale

    INC is still being run by pseudo patriots with foreign DNA.

    Allan Octavian Hume , a man whom we honour , was very cruel with the Indians sepoys who revolted in 1857. He hid in Agra for a while after quelling the rebellion.
    In 1885, he was made a double agent by Rothschild , wherein he declared himself as a native of India, and formed INC to fight for India’s freedom.
    Hume took in another Rothschild recommended double agent Sir William Wedderburn— who had already brainwashed Gopal Krishna Gokhale and Rothschild’s Opium finance agents like Sir Edulji Dinshaw Wacha.

    So Wheeler asked him, how many white British soldiers he can take on alone in physical fight . Jatin replied “Not a single one, if they are good people, but if they are goons , as many as you can imagine”

    He organized with the help of Chempakaraman Pillai, a German ship fully loaded with arms and ammunition to land on a spot a Balasore beach of Orissa, which he selected personally.

    The ship SS Maverick, would have delivered to Jatin 30,000 modern rifles with 400 rounds of ammunitions each gun .

    The plot leaked via a Czechoslovakian triple spy in the payroll of Rothschild. The US President Woodrow Wilson gave this information to Rothschild , the US Presidential chair kingmaker..
    Rash Behari escaped to Japan in May 1915–as the British were after him.

    To facilitate transmission of information to Jatin, a front business house under the name “Universal Emporium” had been set up with Saileswar Bose in charge . This would be a branch of Harry & Sons in Calcutta, which had been created for keeping underground covert contacts with revolutionaries abroad.

    As soon as the information reached Rothschild , he forced the British police and military into immediate action. The British sealed off all the sea approaches to Bengal and Orissa. Leaked information led them to Harry & Sons building, which was raided and searched. From here they retrieved a major clue .

    A telegram was intercepted by the British. The telegram mentioned, “arrived here, starting tonight for Balasore, expect to meet some one there.” The sending of the telegram and the nexus between Hary & Sons of Calcutta and the Universal Emporium at Balasore led to an enquiry at Balasore by the British police.

    The enquiry in turn led to the search of Universal Emporium and its covert doings at Balasore. Saileswar Bose was tortured . British found that that he had visited a god forsaken place Kaptitada on different occasions.

    On 6th September 1915, the DistrictMagistrate of Balasore, accompanied by several police officers engaged in the enquiry, went to Kaptipada and learnt that few young Bengalis were living in a house in the jungle about a mile and half away. British police searched the house and found that the group had scooted.

    The search party, however, could found some interesting documents, among which were a map of the Sundarbans and a cutting from a Penang paper about the SS Maverick, and it became apparent that the group had firearms in their possession as a tree in the compound showed marks of bullets used for target practice.

    Before going underground, Jatindranath entrusted his sister Benodebala with the care of his wife Indubala, his daughter, Ashalata and his two sons, Tejendranath and Birendranath.

    A large posse of police, headed by top European officers from Calcutta and Balasore, in tandem with the British army unit from Chandbali in Mayurbhanj State, closed in on Jatin. Jatin and his companions walked through the thick forests , marshy land and hills of Mayurbhanj, and after two days decided to dig trenches and fight it out.

    Out of hindsight they should NOT have tried this brave but foolish stunt. .This cost India our freedom , while Gandhi was still in South Africa. Jatins comrades in the trench begged him to make a run, but this honorable man would not listen. All were tired, thirsty and hungry after running for 2 days.

    The local people had been warned to watch out for 5 escaped criminals carrying a huge bounty on their heads . So Jatin and party had to dodge the villagers too. .

    The posse of British soldiers surrounded the trench. A fierce gunfight ensued, lasting nearly two hours. Jatin Bagha and his five comrades were lightly armed and had limited bullets for their German Mauser pistols, while the police had modern long range rifles and grenades, which they kept lobbing.

    The fight on 10th Sept 1915, ended with an unrecorded number of casualties on the British side Government side; on the revolutionary side, Ray Chaudhuri and Jatin Bagha died. Jatish Mukherjee was seriously wounded, and Manoranjan Sengupta and Niren Dasgupta were captured after their ammunition ran out. Sengupta and Dasgupta were executed after a speedy trial..

    The last words Jatin Mukherjee uttered were : “My wounds are still bleeding , or what ?

    During the trial, the prosecuting British Official advised the Defence laywer to read a manuscript by Jatin Bagha . Impressed he remarked:” Were this man of such great vision alive, he would have led the world !”.

    MN Roy later said “ Jatin Bagha was the first Indian to die fighting, arm in hand “

    • ramesh

      @shankar,
      True, Mahatma Gandhi is a hero to world but India — na-na-na naare naare — we remember him ONLY on 2nd October every year and DD telecasts that Ben Kingsley portrayal — congressmen pay homage and sing bhajans Vaishnav Jan to tene kahiye — and that’s it.

    • ramesh

      This is part of what Gandhi was all about . Documented facts. In the wake of partition most of the Hindu families became victims of Muslim oppression and raping Hindu women was an inseparable part of their attacks. When Hindus were butchered in Noakhali in 1946, thousands of Hindu women were raped by the Muslims. Many Hindus of this country do not know, what Gandhi, the Great Soul and the Apostle of nonviolence, thought about this behavior of the Muslims. In the 6th July, 1926, edition of the Navajivan, Gandhi wrote that “He would kiss the feet of the (Muslim) violator of the modesty of a sister” (Mahatma Gandhi, D Keer, Popular Prakashan, p-473). Just before the partition, both Hindu and Sikh women were being raped by the Muslims in large numbers. Gandhi advised them that if a Muslim expressed his desire to rape a Hindu or a Sikh lady, she should never refuse him but cooperate with him. She should lie down like a dead with her tongue in between her teeth. Thus the rapist Muslim will be satisfied soon and sooner he leave her. (D Lapierre and L Collins, Freedom at Midnight, Vikas, 1997, p-479). From the above narrations, it becomes evident that Gandhi was never moved by the sufferings and miseries of the Hindus and, on the contrary, he used to shed tears for the Muslims. His idea of Hindu-Muslim amity was also extremely biased and prejudiced. Only Hindus are supposed to make all sacrifices for it and they should endure all the oppressions and heinous crimes of the Muslims without protest. And that was the basis of Gandhian nonviolence and secularism. So a Muslim called Khlifa Haji Mehmud of Lurwani, Sind, once said “Gandhi was really a Mohammedan” (D Keer, ibid, p-237)

    • niraj

      The owner of British East India Company, German Jew ROTHSHILD( Rothschild is one of the world’s largest independent financial advisory groups, employing approximately 2,800 people in 40 countries around the world.) using their blood relative Winston Churchill needed “their type of non-violent freedom fighter to take over the reins of Indian freedom fighting. The “well planned” 1st world war to carve out the state of Israel was drawing close.

      They needed Gandhi to recruit at least 1.3 million Indian soldiers as cannon fodder, to be used in the most dangerous sectors of battle.
      Though 111000 Indian soldiers died for Britain, ( the wounded tally is much more ) there is NO memorial for any of them.

      More Indian soldiers died than any other race or nationality. Yet they were counted among the mules and donkeys– unsung, unheard.

      Brave Indian soldiers were used in the suicidal areas on the Western Front, in the “deadly” Battle of Gallipoli, in the Sinai, Palestine, Mesopotamia Campaigns, the Siege of Kut and in the Battle of Tanga in East Africa.

      Kallenbach was micro managing Gandhi throughout the Satyagraha (non-violent resistance) struggle, while they stayed as room mates in Tolstoy farm, –1100 acres of prime land with fruit trees all given FREE to Gandhi.

      They were supposed in platonic love, which lasted in South Africa until 1914. It was all about brainwashing and micro-managing .

      Naive Gandhi did NOT realise that nothing comes free! He was trapped in the Chakravyuh of such an expensive gift.

      The British imported Gandhi to India via his mentor Gopal Krishna Gokhale , to disarm and demoralise the patriotic violent revolutionaries of India, like Gandhi was asked to travel to hot bed of nationalist fervor Bengal to extinguish the fire of violent freedom struggle .

      Sir Samuel Hoare, the Viscount of Templewood , made a comment that “Gandhi was one of the best friends of the British”.

      • pran

        Is protecting one’s culture & treading with self-respect with determination to be considered as acts violence and aggression or it should be solved only by PASSIVE RESSISTANCE?
        Encapsulating warrior spirit does NOT translate to being aggressive and violent.
        Demonstrating intolerance however does & the TWO cannot be mixed together.

        TODAY’S Gandhians always are mis-guided & come up with baseless and unfounded conclusions.

  3. niraj

    ACTUALLY GANDHI WAS BRAINWASHED BY TOLSTOY,

    Gandhi was made to read TOLSTOY’s “LETTER TO A HINDOO”, ostensibly written in reply to the letter of Tarak Nath Das, an Indian who advocated the violent approach.

    TOLSTOY’S LETTER EXPLAINED WHY NON-VOILENT RESISTANCE AS A RESOLVE BY INDIANS TO BECOME FREE WERE THE ONLY SOLUTION.

    Gandhi was softened up nice and proper , made to feel like the cat’s whiskers and encouraged to write to Tolstoy (1 October, 1909), asking for permission to print 20000 copies of the non-violent blueprint letter to a Hindoo” for distribution and having it translated.

    He had ‘taken the liberty’ to write the letter ‘in the interests of truth, and in order to have your advice on problems the solution of which you have made your life-work.’

    Gandhi concluded: ‘True freedom is to be found—only in such a life. That is the kind of freedom we want to achieve. If India were to achieve such freedom, that indeed would be swarajya.’

    Gandhi had told Rev. J.J. Doke, his first biographer (1909): ‘It was the New Testament of Bible which really awakened me to the rightness and value of Passive Resistance. When I read in the Sermon of Jesus on the Mount such passages as “Resist not him that is evil – -” I was simply overjoyed, and found my own opinion confirmed when I least expected it. Tolstoy’s The Kingdom of God Is Within You gave it a permanent form.’

    On the return journey from London to Durban by ship (13 to 22 November, 1909), Gandhi translated Tolstoy’s ‘Letter to a Hindoo [dated December 14, 1908]’ into Gujarati. He wrote ‘PREFACE TO LEO TOLSTOY’S “LETTER TO A HINDOO” [the Gujarati translation].

    Some brainwashed extracts are: ‘REAL COURAGE AND HUMANITY CONSISTS IN NOT RETURNING A KICK FOR A KICK. THIS IS THE CORE OF TOLSTOY’S TEACHING.’

    Gandhi wrote — Tolstoy gives me a simple answer – . WE ARE OUR OWN SLAVES, NOT OF THE BRITISH.’ ( WHAT A PRICELESS JOKE!) ‘The central principle of his teaching is entirely acceptable to me, and it is set out in the letter given below.’

    ‘A commercial company enslaved a Indian nation comprising 300 million – – – thirty thousand English people, not athletes but rather weak and ill-looking, have enslaved 300 millions of vigorous, clever, strong, freedom-loving people? Do not the figures make it clear that not the English but the Indians have enslaved themselves?’

    Tolstoy wrote to Gandhi (8 May, 1910)” PASSIVE RESISTENCE—IS A QUESTION OF THE GREATEST IMPORTANCE not only for India but for the whole humanity.’

    In his FOURTH letter to Leo Tolstoy (15 August, 1910), a brainwashed Gandhi tell Tolstoy about his new dear friend ( planted by Leo Tolstoy himself ) Kallenbach’s letter regarding setting up of Tolstoy Farm near Johannesburg for the Indian passive resisters’ struggle in Transvaal. ” Kallenbach had gone through most of the experiences that Tolstoy had described in his work My Confessions”

    Tolstoy wrote a brain formatting letter back to Gandhi (7 September, 1910), ” Love is the aspiration for communion and solidarity with other souls – – the supreme and unique law of human life – -. – – – That law of love has been promulgated by all the philosophies—Indian, Chinese, Hebrew, Greek and Roman. – – it had been most clearly expressed by Christ – – If the law of love cannot exist, therein remains no other law except that of violence, that is, the right of the mighty– Socialism, Communism, Anarchism, Salvation Army, the growing criminalities, unemployment and absurd luxuries of the rich, augmented without limit, and the awful misery of the poor, the terribly increasing number of suicides—all these are the signs of that inner contradiction which – – can only be resolved by acceptation of the law of love and by the rejection of all sorts of violence. Consequently, your work in Transvaal – – is yet the most fundamental and the most important to us supplying the most weighty practical proof in which the world can now share – -.” He closed the letter ‘With my perfect esteem’.

    Gandhi wrote to Kallenbach that had found ‘many gems to be picked up’ from Tolstoy’s pamphlets such as, ‘The salvation of men from the calamities which they inflict upon themselves can be realized only in that degree in which they are guided in their lives, not by advantages, not arguments, but by religious consciousness;- -.’ He also wrote: ‘If Tolstoy was the greatest reformer of his age in Europe, he owed it to his doctrine of non-resistance.’ And, he could not accept ‘qualified acceptance of Tolstoy’s teaching’.

    On Tolstoy’s birth centenary on 9 September, 1928, and Gandhi delivered a memorable speech on this occasion, which included following pearls: When I went to England, I was a votary of violence – -. After I read this book, that lack of faith in non-violence vanished. Tolstoy was a great advocate of non-violence in his age. – – – – no one in India or elsewhere who has – – tried to follow it as sincerely as he did.
    I want everyone to learn three things from Tolstoy’s life– choose self-restraint. We should resolve never to ‘give up the pursuit of truth’, for which the only right path is that of non-violence, which again ‘means an ocean of love’

    After India got Independence in 1947, Britain had no use for USED CURRY LEAF Gandhi anymore. And Gandhi was quick to realise that.

    He kept away from the British after that, FOR NOW IT WAS the turn of Nehru, to get brainwashed via EDWINA .

    HERMANN KALLENBACK WAS FOR GANDHI, the same as Nehru was for EDWINA Both reported to ROTHSCHILD ‘S STOOGE i.e. CHAMCHA WINSTON CHURCHIL. EDWINA WAS A ROTHSCHILD.
    The famous Russian author Leo Tolstoy ( like Karl Marx ) was a crypto-jew. He wrote in 1891 as follows:

    “The Jew was the pioneer of civilization, many thousands of years before the birth of Christ when the ancient world was surrounded with an impregnable wall of barbarism and rudeness.

    The prevailing rule in the land of Israel was that each individual was obligated to teach those who were uneducated or those unable to read or write… the Jews have and always will adhere, support and spread the idea of liberty, civilization and religious tolerance.”

    “What is the Jew?…What kind of unique creature is this whom all the rulers of all the nations of the world have disgraced and crushed and expelled and destroyed; persecuted, burned and drowned, and who, despite their anger and their fury, continues to live and to flourish.

    What is this Jew whom they have never succeeded in enticing with all the enticements in the world, whose oppressors and persecutors only suggested that he deny (and disown) his religion and cast aside the faithfulness of his ancestors?!

    The Jew – is the symbol of eternity. … He is the one who for so long had guarded the prophetic message and transmitted it to all mankind. A people such as this can never disappear. The Jew is eternal. He is the embodiment of eternity.”

    Leo Nikolayevich Tolstoy achieved his place as one of the greatest Russian writers of all time, with Rothschild’s support. His average books War and Peace, and Anna Karenina, were made out to be classics by the Rothschild held media. Rothschild made Tolstoy brainwash young and gullible Mohandas Gandhi with the idea of nonviolent resistance .

  4. Punam

    Rothschild family owns 80% of Israel
    and also the US federal reserve and
    almost all international banking
    institutions are run by them. They
    decide the bulls and the bears of the
    stock market.

    • som

      Amartya Sen was given the Nobel prize on
      Rothschild’s recommendation ( for the
      economics of famine ) and also the Bharat
      Ratna by our Vatican powered Italian woman
      managed Indian Government. This woman
      has signed away India’s nuclear rights too.

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