World’s First Encyclopedia

First Ever Encyclopedia of the world is not in English but in Sanskrit

What has been deliberately suppressed by the Western Scholars rooted in the Eurocentric Anti-Hindu tradition is that the Keladi King Basava Bhupala produced the first ever Encyclopedia of the World in any language, Sivatattva Ratnakara in Sanskrit in 1699—29 years before the first Encyclopedia in English by Ephraim Chambers in 1728 and 52 years before the first Encyclopedia in the French Language by Denis Diderot in 1751.

The Sansrkirt Encyclopedia of Basava Bhupala  published in 1699 was in no way less detailed or less verstile than the encyclopedia of Ephraim Chambers in English published in 1728 (London) or Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers of  Denis Diderot in French published in 1751 (Paris).

Saraswathi Venkateswaran has made a signal contribution to the advancement of Sanskrit learning by producing her thesis on Sivatattva Ratnakara.The Madras University and its Vice Chancellor Ramachandran have to be congratulated for recognizing the outstanding academic work of Dr Smt Saraswathi Venkateswaran.

A pioneering Sanskrit encyclopaedia of 1699 AD



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4 responses to “World’s First Encyclopedia

  1. Hindu

    Who were the early Hindus? Those who gave us the Upanishads – the most astounding set of truths ever revealed to man, or divined by him?

    The crucial observation is that these men were NOT prophets. This might sound trite, but it is crucial. Because the notion of prophet means that God has the choice. But Sanatana Dharma offers the choice to you. YOU can be a seer. You can be a seer by looking inwards, because the Self is present, and accessible, to every living being. We can be Yajnavalkya of Brihad-Aranyaka. He was not a prophet. He was a seer. How did he become one? Through a path – the eternal path – Sanatana Dharma. That path is still the same today. That is the point.

    This is very different from, say, Islam. An illiterate man went into a cave, Allah chose him, and he started ordering others around and killing them if they disobeyed.

    I hope you see the difference very clearly. The fact that we have no prophets is, very very important. Of course, the samskaras of previous lifetimes do predispose some more than others, but the scriptures stress that anyone, in one lifetime, can overcome any of these.

    The great Vedic seers who obtained the insights in the Upanishads, have as peers in modern times less than a handful. I only know of Sri Aurobindo, Sri Ramana, and Sri Ramakrishna. These were men who were, while physically on the same plane as us, spiritually in a far higher reality.

    The greatness of the Hindu tradition is this – that you too can commune with the higher reality. That is the promise of Sanatana Dharma.

    Before I came upon Sanatana Dharma, I searched for years. I established a fair scholarship in the 3 major Abrahamic faiths, and also Baha’ism. I spend a few years as a “Buddhist” (in Western parlance). The only eternal path to the higher reality is Sanatana Dharma. By that I mean the following: each of us can experience a union with Brahman. The intensity of this union depends on our effort, and nothing else. And this can be done in one lifetime.

    I came to Sanatana Dharma a little late in this life, and my health has always impeded my progress. But maybe someone reading this is a teenager, and already of spiritual bend of mind. Maybe he will be the next seer. The next Aurobindo, the next Ramana.

    Hari Om,

  2. Incognito

    Your search, your study of the abrahamic faiths, buddhism, bahaism and your choosing of ancient indian spiritual philosophy contributes to the universal consciousness and helps others in the present as well as future in arriving at similar conclusions.

    Like a trail made by one person provides guidance to others and later turns into a well worn path.

    What are we but mediums for realisation of the infinite nature of Brahma.

    • Bharat Nair

      “The next Aurobindo, the next Ramana.”
      There are thousands of such self realised seers out there. Only a few aspirants get the chance to see and hear them.

    • Hindu

      Aum Incognito,

      I like your last sentence. The truths of the Self are within each of us. Sanatana Dharma is but a (ever growing) collection of paths that allows us to look within. We should never confuse it with any other “religion.” It subsumes all religions, because it does not define itself as but the search of inner truth. Hence all such truths are covered by these paths we call Sanatana Dharma.

      Aum Namah Shivayah,

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