Though the story about the Aryan invasion of India got aired to the world non-stop for about 100 years, it ultimately proved to be a dud, at least in the game-plan of Western historians and Indian communists.
The much-touted massacre of “Dravidians” at Mohanjodaro by Aryans turned out to be a non-massacre. After much digging, what the archeologists finally managed to find at the site were about three dozen skeletons, those too lying in different layers separated by hundreds of years. The area was not littered with arrow-heads and spears-heads. Neither were there skeletons piled one over the other in a haphazard fashion, carrying war injuries. There were absolutely no signs of battle anywhere, even in the top layer which belonged to the period when Mohanjodaro was abandoned. The smoking gun was missing and couldn’t be found.
Never mind. In the last five years, these “historians” have changed strategy. They now argue, if there was not an invasion, errr… maybe there was a peaceful migration from — you guessed it — West to India. (In their cuckoo land, there is an immutable law that all migrations and invasions with respect to India are always from the west to east, never from the east to west. It is as if God has installed traffic lights on India’s Western borders directing traffic only one way, along with the road sign “Once in, never out.”)
The Western historians and our own communist professors have now helpfully informed us that they have discovered the original home of the Aryans in the West. It is called the Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex or BMAC. In his paper “Distortions in Indian History” presented at the International Conference on Indian History, Civilisation and Geopolitics on January 9, 2009, Dr. B.B. Lal who retired as the director general of Archaeological Survey of India, has busted this myth too. I quote from his paper:
“… the crusaders of the “invasion theory” now no longer swear by it. But the “ghost” of that theory has begun to re-appear in a new ‘avatra’ (incarnation), namely that of “migration.” Says Romila Thapar (1989-91: 259-60): “If invasion is discarded then the mechanism of migration and occasional contacts come into sharper focus. The migrations appear to have been of pastoral cattle breeders who are prominent in the Avesta and Rigveda.
Faithfully following her, R.S. Sharma asserts (1999: 77): “… the pastoralists who moved to the Indian borderland came from Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex or BMAC which saw the genesis of the culture of the Rigveda.”
It appears that both Thapar and Sharma are still wedded to the bygone notion that the Vedic Aryans were nomads. But they do not appear to have done any home-work about the Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex.
V. I. Sarianidi and his colleagues have unearthed the wonderful remains of the BMAC, which spread over the area from Turkmenistan to northern Afghanistan between circa 2100 and 1700 BCE. And, as would be seen from what follows, the BMAC was a highly developed urban culture having nothing to do with “nomad-ism,” the basal point of the Thapar-Sharma thesis.
Dr. BB Lal tell us that BMAC in central Asia was a very advanced civilisation. Excavations show large, well-planned houses with distinct religious and public buildings. The artifacts dug up from the settlement shows a high calibre of the culture, especially its scriptural art. Dr. Lal rightfully asks:
Would you like to deduce from the foregoing that the BMAC people were “nomads” whom Thapar and Sharma would like to
push into India as the progenitors of the Rigvedic people? I am sure, you wouldn’t. But why blame the Thapar-Sharma duo alone?
Dr. Lal then demolishes the arguments of Sarianidi, the principal excavator of the BMAC sites, and shows how he has erred in claiming that the people who created the BMAC sites were the ancestors of the Vedic Aryans, more so when “no cultural element of the BMAC ever reached east of the Indus, which was the domain of the Vedic Aryans as per the Nad-stuti Sµukta of the Rigveda itself.” Dr. Lal says:
But the greatest pitfall [of Sarianidi] is that whereas the Mohehjo-daro complex belongs to the 3rd millennium BCE, the Gonur example is assignable to the 2nd millennium BCE. Did Sarianidi ever realize the adverse repercussion of these dates? Indeed, if his comparison were to be valid, the movement of the people would have to be from India to the Bactria-Margiana region. Would he like to accept this position?
Again and again, the sequence of rise and fall of settlements, circumstantial evidence and stories in ancient literature point to migration of Aryans (who were actually the same as the Indus Valley people) into all directions once the Saraswati river dried up, including to the West toward Iran and Central Asia. But it is a commentary on the political ideologies being peddled under the garb of historical research today that this possibility is not even talked about (far less researched) by the Western professors and Indian communist historians.
Tomorrow: An example of a recent deliberate distortion of a Sanskrit text by a Western professor to prop up the myth of Aryan invasion. Plus: Do ancient Sanskrit texts mention large-scale movement of people? Actually they do, and you will surprised in which direction they say the Indians went.